Assalam u alaikum wr wb,
A topic rather a difficult one to understand and maybe that is why I keep writing about it because it is rather complicated. It is a very important factor in terms of our belief. Without believing in destiny the faith cannot get completed as a whole. It is important as a Muslim to believe in the concept of destiny or “qadr” wholeheartedly.
Some points to keep in mind to fully understand the concept:
- Destiny is one of the pillars of belief.
- Destiny is of about everything and not just of humans. Everything that exists.
- Destiny was written down 50,000 years before the world came into existence.
- Destiny is a secret of Allah.
- Allah practices justice and equity over the humans and do not deprive anybody of their rights.
- Don’t think negatively about the decisions of Allah subhana wa taa’ala as the knowledge and understanding of a human is far less and hence far vulnerable .
- There is always a certain wisdom behind each of Allah subhana wa taa’ala’s actions (many a times unknown to humans).
- The blessings are always redirected towards us by Allah subhana wa taa’ala (of course He makes a cause for them).
- The knowledge of Allah Subhana wa taa’ala is perfect and complete in every form and manner whereas humans are weak and have faults in almost every aspect for instance they are mortal,they cannot control anything that happens in their life neither can they be absolutely sure of what happens next.
- Destiny is among the علم غیب so one should believe in it and at the same time try not to question it too much.
First what is destiny? When was it written?
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first thing that Allaah created was the Pen, and He said to it, ‘Write!’ It said, ‘O Lord, what should I write?’ He said: ‘Write down the decrees of all things until the Hour begins.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 4700; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
Belief in al-Qadar includes four things:
1 – The belief that Allaah knows all things, in general and in detail, from eternity to eternity, whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of His slaves.
2 – The belief that Allaah has written that in al-Lawh al-Mahfooz (the Book of Decrees).
3 – The belief that whatever happens only happens by the will of Allaah – whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of created beings.
4 – The belief that all things that happen are created by Allaah in their essence, their attributes and their movements.
Extract from http://islamqa.info/en/34732
Believing in the above mentioned four things is hence very necessary being a Muslim. It is very important to note that whatever we do and whatever we intend do it also by the will of Allah. Does that mean that each of us should be in vain? & To just go with the flow and think that If Allah wills it’ll happen otherwise it won’t so I don’t need to do anything. This is a very wrong concept!
A work is done or a matter is resolved when the struggle of man and the command of Allah meets. Remember Allah never forces especially when a person do not want it as well:
“He said, “O my people have you considered: if I should be upon clear evidence from my Lord while He has given me mercy from Himself but it has been made unapparent to you, should we force it upon you while you are averse to it?”
!!A person will be asked about only what he is capable of and however much authority one is given in this world and not more than that. Also remember Allah never does any sort of injustice . He is all-just.
If there is bad happening in this world DOES NOT mean that Allah likes bad and evil Nauzubillah.!!
Allah keeps on giving a person trial after trial in any form may it be blessings and may it be hardships until the time limit reaches for them and then after loosening He tightens their ropes. He does give them some say in their injustices to the world and their surroundings but it is LIMITED. Neither is a human totally bound . Yes, he has a will. Yes,one does what was required from them . One is free to choose. One is free to struggle for what they have chosen.
Moreover,one should always remember these trials and these blessings are for a person to return to one’s creator. They are not for us to be ungrateful of or to be proud of them. The purpose is different and the end result matters.
Ahadith say that prayers change your destiny.
Once a man entered a masjid and asked Hazrat Ali (r.a) ” What is Fate ?”
Hazrat Ali (r.a) said,” Lift your one foot in the air.” He did so.
Hazrat Ali (r.a) said,” Now lift the other one.” (while being in the same position)
He replied,”I can’t”
Hazrat Ali (r.a) said,” This is answer to your question. Half of it Allah has given to you in your hand, and the rest HE has kept to Himself.”
That is why even the Sahaba radi Allah hu anhuma used to make dua(pray) about the destiny. O Allah if you have written us among the ones who are evil fated ( i.e the ones who’ll go to hellfire ) replace it with the ones who have blessed fates ( i.e the ones who’ll go to jannah ). Ameen.
May Allah make us be acceptable from heart for His decisions for us and may we be grateful for them as well whatever may happen. May we be die upon right faith and belief and get enjoined with the righteous ones. Ameen.